Friday, 21 July 2017

Finding Your Ancestors in Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador

This series is a bit of a reach for me, as my own family history does not particularly cover each and every province in Canada. In my teens our family did visit both Quebec and Newfoundland briefly. We visited the Quebec Parliament where I attempted to interpret the debates using my high school French. The Plains of Abraham and La Citadelle were fascinating, as well as Chateau Frontenac. In Newfoundland, we went to Cabot Tower where we imagined we could see the coast of England. We toured a lobster fishery and ended our visit with friends in Foxtrap. 

Provided is an attempt at some basic information about genealogy in these two provinces. Again, I don't profess to being an expert in these provinces, but please do explore! Settle in for a good read, 'cos there's a lot of detail!

Quebec
Chateau Frontenac
Credit: CCO public domain https://pixabay.com/en/frontenac

Although most official records for Quebec are in French, you will find English is well represented. To give a perspective of space for our European genealogy colleagues: the distance between Montreal and Toronto is 542 km or 336 miles. The province is predominantly French speaking. Message to new genealogists researching their ancestors in Quebec: although the ship manifest may state Montreal or Quebec as a destination, your ancestor may have settled there initially but moved into Ontario or points westward. As well, it is worthwhile to use the term 'French-Canadian' in your online research arsenal.

Brief History
The first recorded explorer in Quebec is Jacques Cartier. After his arrival in 1535 he visited an Iroquoian villiage called Hochelaga. This is now the site of  the city of Montreal. Another explorer, Samuel de Champlain was instrumental in the founding of 'New France' which was later known as Lower Canada. This entry in the Canadian Encyclopedia provides quite a lot of history and overall facts about the province.

Mothers of New France (Quebec) :  Filles du Roi - women sent to the New World in 1663 by King Louis XIV of France to ensure that the population increased and to secure his claim to the new land. Canadian Museum of History Fille du Roi. Millions of descendants in Canada, the U.S. and worldwide can claim their lineage from these 770 women!

For Genealogists
This page from the PRDH Programme de recherche en démographie historique (PRDH, Research Programme in Historical Demography) at the Université de Montréal  gives a background on the emigration of people from France and outlines family names of first settlers - in the province. The PRDH does have a searchable database - requires registration and eventually a credit card.

These free websites should be your first stopping ground for Quebec genealogy. Cangenealogy Quebec is Dave Obee's site. Library & Archives Canada Quebec is the Government of Canada's Genealogy page for Quebec. Family Search - Quebec. Also Olive Tree Genealogy is a great list of resources for Quebec Genealogy (TIP: Ctrl and + keys for larger text).

Your next stop - the family history society website Quebec Family History Society

as well as the Libraries and Archives in Quebec. BAnQ - Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec (Library, Archive & Museum), Libraries Association of Quebec; L’Association des archivistes du Québec (AAQ)  - en français.

The Genealogical Site of French America - this site allows  you to search so many different types of data. In order to conduct searches, you will need to register with a username and password. It is a very large and powerful site, and eventually will need to provide payment. 

Acadian and French Canadian Ancestral Home  Acadian genealogy is described as the research of families who are descended from French citizens in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and PEI.  Best links for Acadian research.  Irish Ancestors in Quebec City - provides links to a number of resources and databases - Catholic records   Grosse Isle and the Irish Memorial National Historic Site

Quebec E-Resources

Print Resources (only a few)

Books and Resources to purchase for Quebec genealogy

King’s Daughters and Founding Mothers: the Filles du Roi, 1663 -1673 Gagné, Peter J. Pawtucket R.I.: Quintin Publications

Les Passengers Du Saint-Andre. Montreal: Societe Genealogique Canadienne-Francaise, No. 5. 1964.

Montreal Directory 1868-69: containing an Alphabetical Directory of the Citizens and a Street Directory. Lovell, John. Milton, Ontario: Global Heritage Press, 2000.

Quebec Genealogists' Blogs or articles about Quebec
Seminaire de Quebec

Researchers Located in Quebec 

Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland is a beautiful piece of Canada.  Fondly called 'The Rock', it's geographic makeup is predominately rock, rock and more rock.  Also, Labrador is a separate land mass to Newfoundland, but the two are recognized as 'one' province.
© credit: DHurt
Distance between St. John's and Toronto by air 1311 miles, 2109 km.
3087 km. by car - may also include a ferry ride :)

Brief History
Incorporated as a province of Canada in March 1949. Previously they were a self-governing dominion. St. John's is the capital city, not to be confused with St. John in the province of New Brunswick. A comprehensive history of Newfoundland.  Many families emigrated from Poole, Dorset to Newfoundland in the 1700s and 1800s and it all has to do with cod. Please see the end of this page for the links to the articles I wrote about my visit to Poole. 

For Genealogists
These free websites should be your first stopping ground for Newfoundland and Labrador genealogy. Cangenealogy Newfoundland is a website created by Dave Obee with genealogy links to explore.  Library & Archives Canada - Newfoundland is the Government of Canada's Genealogy page for Newfoundland and Labrador.  Family Search Newfoundland and Labrador is the Family Search wiki. Olive Tree Genealogy Newfoundland page (TIP: Ctrl and + keys for larger text.)  Next stop - the Libraries in Newfoundland and Labrador  ;  Links to Genealogy on the Memorial University Library page. 

Bay St. George Genealogy Society St. George's Bay, Baie St-George on the west coast of Newfoundland, one of the largest bays in Newfoundland

Family History Society of Newfoundland and Labrador and the active Families & Surnames Forum 

Newfoundland Public Library Genealogy Guide and Awesome! Newfoundland Public Library Postcard collection of scenes around Newfoundland, 19th and early 20th century. They are arranged thematically or an index is available onsite in the library. Newfoundland and Labrador Library Association - search for libraries in the province.

Maritime History Archive, in the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences at Memorial University in St. John's. This archive holds many unique records, especially maritime related: Crew Lists for UK registered ships; the term 'fisheries' found 793 records in their Photo Collection; Resettlement Photo Collection.

Newfoundland Grand Banks - Genealogical and historical data for the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador in the Great War  - provided by the Governments of Canada and Newfoundland and Labrador and Memorial University

The Rooms : Archives, Art and Museum - there is a genealogy section on their website under Collections and Research. The collections cover Sport, Died in Service, Still Images, Government Archives, Manuscripts, Cartographic, Architectural Archives and Museum Notes.  

Newfoundland and Labrador E-Resources:

A database of surnames from Newfoundland Newspapers - described on the Maritime History Archive website: 'The surnames in these pages are taken from the Births, Deaths and Marriages in Newfoundland Newspapers, 1810 - 1890 CD which contains more than 40,000 entries for births, deaths and marriages transcribed from 43 Newfoundland newspapers published between 1810 and 1890.'

Newfoundland War Brides created by Jackie Sheppard Alcock - truly a labour of love! Over 600 war brides are listed on these pages.

Old Gander Genealogical Project - Robert Pelley, originally from Gander, Newfoundland, now lives in Quebec, invites former residents to get in touch to share stories.

David Pike Family History -  PIKE family from: Bonavista Bay, Trinity Bay, Conception Bay as well as Somerset and Devon, UK. I have to say I haven't seen a website built purely for family history purposes and so chock full of stuff in a long time! Very basic design and reminds me of early websites built purely on html. Really could be registered as a GOONS effort! It is updated regularly. Well done David!

Stone Pics - the aim of this group is to photograph and index page every cemetery, headstone, and monument in Newfoundland. Last updated 2012

Stone Pics Czech Republic - the main Stone Pics group are also keen to photograph and index cemeteries in the Czech Republic. Last updated 2014

A connection between Poole, Dorset and Newfoundland. 

Print Resources (to get you started)
Library & Archives Canada Catalogue

- Family names of the island of Newfoundland by E.R. Seary
- Officers and men of the Royal Newfoundland Regiment 1795-1802 & Royal Newfoundland Regiment of Fencible Infantry, 1803-1816 by Rodney T. Lee
- A long way from Tipperary : a Halley family hisotry, 1600-2000 by Irene Collins
- Finding your ancestors in Newfoundland & Labrador by Bill Crant (Heritage Productions)

Newfoundland and Labrador Genealogists' Blogs

Search for Newfoundland family names on Rootsweb

https://noelhistory.wordpress.com/ - mentions Noel or Newell family connections in the UK. Check the Links page for research about Newfoundland as well as DNA research in Newfoundland.

This blog is particularly about: Buttery, Kettle, Lomond, Nebucett and Scott family names


Researchers Located in Newfoundland and Labrador

My research on various pages did not result in specific people researching in Newfoundland or offering only research in Newfoundland or based in Newfoundland. I would suggest checking out the mailing list on Rootsweb and / or contacting the Family History Society of Newfoundland and Labrador as a starting point. 

Wednesday, 19 July 2017

What's New in Cyndi's List for Canadian Genealogy

Once again, Cyndi Ingle of Cyndi's List overwhelms and surprises. 
For a moment, I thought her What's New section would be a good topic for a series:  'Cyndis List Canadian Roundup Weekly Review', but it would really be too much like overkill. Check out July 12ths submission, for example, no less than 16 updated or new links for Saskatchewan alone!
picjumbo
Well worth checking in with CyndisList on a regular basis to see what is new and upcoming in the world of Canadian genealogy! (P.S. -If the links don't work, you can 'Report a Broken Link' or copy and paste the title into your browser and this will usually come up trumps.) Click on each province to discover what is available in this amazing List!
Please note: separate links have been removed in the separate titles in consideration of the Terms and Conditions.


Links to Lutheran churches on B.C. , ALBERTAMANITOBA , SASKATCHEWAN and ONTARIO pages. There are updates to listings of the Anglican church of Canada and the Canadian Council of Churches in Toronto. As well, the United Church Archives are updated on the Saskatchewan pages. Highlights :
Saskatchewan Conference United Church of Canada - Archives in Regina, Saskatchewan. The collection includes records from Methodist, Presbyterian, Congregational and local union churches in Saskatchewan prior to 1925, as well as local, presbyterial and Conference records of the United Church of Canada, from 1925 onwards.
Many links to Ukrainian and Doukhobor resources on the SASKATCHEWAN pages.
Wonderful to see links to rural Museums, for example: Swift Current Museum, Ukrainian Museum,  Watrous-Manitou Beach Heritage Centre in Watrous and the Wolseley Heritage Foundation all in Saskatchewan. As well, a reference to the Société Historique de la Saskatchewan. Western Development Museum (WDM) with centers in Moose Jaw, North Battleford, Saskatoon and Yorkton, Saskatchewan.
Two references to Facebook groups: Southwest Saskatchewan Oldtimers' Museum & Archive and the Whitewood Historical Museum & Heritage Center. 
Also in Saskatchewan, many references to University special collections. University of Saskatoon, St. Thomas More College:  Prairie Centre for the Study of Ukrainian Heritage and the Shannon Library Special Collections. University of Regina: Dr. John Archer Library, Archives & Special Collections. University of Saskatchewan Library: University Archives & Special Collections -The Doukhobors in Canada: a Select Bibliography.
N.W.T.
Four organizations in the Northwest Territories are highlighted on the 'What's New' page.
  • Norman Wells Historical Society, Norman Wells, N.W.T.
  • Northern Life Museum & Cultural Centre, Fort Smith, N.W.T.
  • N.W.T. Mining Heritage Society, Yellowknife, N.W.T.
  • Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre, Yellowknife, N.W.T.
To receive a daily notice of the number of links added, updated or deleted to Cyndi's List, you may subscribe by sending an email to CyndisList-request@rootsweb.com. In the subject line, type 'subscribe'. This will send a request and you should be signed up automatically. Word of caution: your inbox may fill to overflowing! Enjoy many new discoveries!

Thursday, 6 July 2017

A Few Cemeteries in Canada

What genealogist doesn't like cemeteries? 
It is a place for us to reflect, gather information and generally give our respects to our ancestors. Although it's not a prerequisite to our chosen profession or hobby, it's still a lot of fun!
BTW did you know you are a 'Taphophile'? 😏

This article looks at a few cemeteries and their notable residents, some I have visited and some I have read about. Cemeteries highlighted: Ross Bay Cemetery, Victoria BC; Crowfoot Cemetery in Southern Alberta; an article about symbolism in Ukrainian cemeteries; Germans from Russia cemeteries in the Medicine Hat area; and a rural grave in Sedalia AB. There are a few resources (books and websites) listed towards the end. I'm particularly interested in the rural graves of settlers and our indigenous communities, the ones not marked, whose names may be lost but are not forgotten.

Large cemeteries in urban centres such as Ross Bay Cemetery in Victoria, B.C. where people such as Emily Carr are buried are easy to research. Self-proclaimed 'Tombstone Tourists', the Old Cemeteries Society of Victoria give tours of Ross Bay Cemetery. Their newsletter has lots of interesting accounts. One cannot forget of course, the graves of the passengers of the Titanic at Fairview Cemetery in Halifax, Nova Scotia, perhaps the most visited cemetery in the Maritimes if not Canada.

Lloydtown, Ontario, named after Jesse Lloyd, an early settler, has a connection as the place where the 1837 Upper Canada Rebellion was planned. It was the second most important city in this area next to Toronto. This website provides photographs of the headstones in the Lloydtown Pioneer Cemetery and the work was undertaken by Tim Fenton.
© Penny Allen
Doing the research for this article I stumbled across Cemetery Stories an article written by Judy Hammond on roadstories.ca   One place where we cross paths is the Blackfoot Crossing in Alberta, the largest aboriginal historical centre that focuses on education and preserving traditional native culture of the Siksika Nation. The Crowfoot Cemetery where Chief Crowfoot is buried is close by, down a narrow road and is marked by a monument. Chief Crowfoot was an important chief who was a strong supporter of Treaty 7 which changed lives of the indigenous people forever.  Across the road from the 'Crossing' is the Little Washington Cemetery where people from the local Siksika Nation lay their loved ones to rest.

The Blood Reserve cemeteries, south and west of Lethbridge, Alberta. On 'Mary's Genealogy Treasures' Mary Tollestrup, a well known genealogist in southern Alberta, has provided a transcription of an article written in the Lethbridge Herald in 1997 describing the work carried out by Wayne Plume who cares for the 3 cemeteries on the reserve. St. Catherine's along Hwy.2 at Stand Off, St. Mary's School and Levern on the western edge of the reserve and St. Paul's, 2 km west of the old residential school. Plume says there are no written records that he is aware of but that Father Levern did keep records and where they are now is unknown. Some of the Blood war veterans graves are recorded and cared for.

A worthwhile mention are the memorial parks that are springing up around our provinces. Most of these 'natural memorial parks' are not graveyards or cemeteries. Families are invited to buy a tree in memory of their loved one. This may be appropriate if the deceased was cremated and the remains dispersed in some manner. The Leva Avenue Natural Area grounds in Red Deer were originally owned by the Parkland Funeral Home and Crematorium, but when they did not renew their lease with the city the property was deferred to Red Deer County. My question is, who holds the records - perhaps the county office?

This is an interesting article on the symbolism of the monuments, crosses and stones marking Ukrainian graves in two cemeteries in east-central Alberta. Included are Greek Catholic and Russian-Orthodox burials. These graveyards in Alberta are of original settlers from the Slavic states, and the towns in Alberta are Skaro and St. Mary's Ukrainian Orthodox Parish at Szypenitz. There are photos of some monuments (inscribed in English and Cyrillic) included in the text.

Germans from Russia Historical Society - a very long list of different topics, including a list of cemeteries, relating to Medicine Hat, Cypress County and Forty Mile County in Alberta. Area Coordinator: Clarence Janke. Homestead Years: Primary 1905-1915, and again 1926 & 1927. Background: The early settlers were from the Black Sea to Caspian Sea area, including Bessarabia, Beresan, and Glueckstal. There were also Volga German settlers. Many of the early German-Russian settlers re-located from North and South Dakota, having immigrated earlier. These settlers were predominately farmers.

© Penny Allen
Earlier I mentioned rural graves. On Judy Hammond's Cemetery Stories article: In Sedalia, Alberta (pop. 18) The Gray Homestead - a family cemetery on a dirt road in the deepest rural communities of Alberta. This is the inscription from the plaque that was set in to the side of the road. 'The Gray Homestead 1913. Marion Edith DAHL (GRAY) b. June 19, 1909. Moved here age 3. Came home August 7, 2000. May She Rest in Peace.'

Books

Carmack, Sharon DeBartolo (2002). Your Guide to Cemetery Research

Irwin, Jane. Old Canadian Cemeteries : Places of Memory

Millar, Nancy (she's from Alberta!)
   Once Upon a Tomb: Stories from Canadian Graveyards 
   The Unmentionable History of the West 
   Remember Me As You Pass By: Stories from Prairie Graveyards
   The Final Word: The Book of Canadian Epitaphs

Swyripa, Frances. Storied Landscapes: Ethno-religious Identity and the Canadian Prairies

White, Christopher. The Old Edson Cemetery: Investigations into an Early 20th Century Western Alberta Cemetery.
    Christopher White wrote a dissertation for his Master's degree in Anthropology from the University of Alberta in 2012 on the Old Edson Cemetery. It is available as a pdf from the University's Research and Education Archive. Christopher was invited to talk about his work and lead a tour of the Glenwood Cemetery sponsored by the Edson Museum, [Galloway Station Museum - 223 - 55 Street, Edson, Alberta, info@gallowstationmuseum.com ] in Alberta.

Articles etc.

Free Online Cemetery & Tombstone Transcriptions &  Burial Registers - a massive list that covers Canada. Provided by Linda MacKinnon

Genealogy à la carte Cemetery page

Old Banff Cemetery Eyed For Heritage Resource Designation - an article from the Rocky Mountain Outlook. 29 Sep. 2016

Ontario Genealogical Society Cemetery Index

This article on Genealogy Stack Exchange - 'Uncovering residents of cemetery when headstones are losing legibility?' gives great discussion and tips around the dos and don'ts of transcribing from headstones.






'We remember the ones left behind in telling their stories.'