Archives are an important place to start research the census, directories, histories of trade organizations, histories of communities in the province. Often staff will answer a research enquiry, if you provide enough specific information.
This page provides a partial list of archives in Alberta
Nose Creek Valley Museum - http://www.nosecreekvalleymuseum.com/ -
Museum of the Rockies - article about UK War Brides WW2
The Heritage Triangle - http://calgarylibrary.ca/the-heritage-triangle/ includes the Glenbow Archives, Calgary Public Library, and the City of Calgary Archives. These archives are very close to each other and in a 'triangle' shape.
Galt Museum - see the article on the Galt Museum
Vulcan, Alberta - http://www.vdhs.vulcancountyhistory.com/ - the Vulcan District Historical Society Museum depicts a turn of the century classroom and highlights a former slave, the 'African American Cowboy' John Ware. He was an important figure in the ranching community of southern Alberta at the turn of the century.