Friday, 13 July 2018

No Englishmen Need Apply - Canadian Farms 1900-30s


 No  Englishmen need apply - Single young men seek farm work
This notice was found in the local history book Rural Reflections. 

It is possible that one of our family who emigrated from England was a 'gentlemen farmer', which is what this article is about. (The term 'gentlemen' has a different connotation in North America than how it is used in England.) This article particularly focuses on these men, also known as 'Remittance Men' or 'Second Sons'. Not all remittance men were 'gentlemen' and not all 'Gentlemen Farmers' were 'Second Sons'. The term was loosely used in the old country for those who were second sons of small land holders as well as titled families.

It is difficult to find these men who looked for work on Canadian farms. As far as I know, there is no centralized database to find these emigrants, but I list a few resources here that will help. The resource that I refer my readers to again and again are local community history books (use this as your search term with the province or place) as they contain written family histories of farm families and 'townies' where your English 'gentleman farmer' ancestor may have lived.

See Resources section for references to where these local histories are found.

An article I wrote about English born settlers in Manitoba included a few accounts of 'gentlemen farmers' which are outlined below:

Robert Bruce WALLACE came from England as a young man. He worked on farms as a part of the threshing gangs. His work was as a busheler. Many of these workers would travel from town to town looking for farming work especially during harvest time in the fall. Eventually, he took a homestead on Section 28 north of Isabella. (this is an excerpt from Rural Reflections Vol. II)

Reginald BROWN - I spent an enjoyable hour reading Brown's entertaining letter to his mother in England. He was a remittance man and was sent to Canada to make a life for himself. It caught my eye immediately because he landed in Winnipeg in 1908 where some of my family lives.

      His first sentence, "This is a beastly, horrid place, this Winnipeg." was amusing, but rings true for those who do not see the beauty in the prairie. He sets out to purchase a farm with the idea of making money from raising crops and was duped by a fellow 'Englishman', eventually losing money and the farm. He then ended up working for a local farmer and happened upon a preacher from the home country who helped him to understand life in the colonies and life in general. Later he meets a Salvation Army officer who later becomes his wife. There is quite a good discussion between Reginald and an employer about the disinclination of farmers who did not want to employ Englishmen.

An excerpt: 
     "Why do English parents and guardians permit, and even prompt and encourage, wayward sons to come to the Colonies, where licence exists, and where moral restraint is not? An Englishman coming to this country naturally seeks the society of his own kind, even as I did, failing to recognize that, while the atmosphere that education gives and breeding conveys may be retained, dissipation and want tend to deaden moral sense and breed unrighteous principles."

Hudson's Bay, Winnipeg, Manitoba



Title: The Letters of a Remittance Man to his Mother  Author: Jarvis, William Henry Pope (1876-1944) (e-book via Gutenberg - see link above)


Don't limit your searches to digital collections in only Alberta or Saskatchewan, the Universities in eastern Canada - Ontario and Nova Scotia for example, will have references to western material in their collections. You may find some of the material in their collections on www.archive.org.  Cast the net wide!

Resources

Mark Zuehlke's book 'Scoundrels Dreamers Second Sons' - He provides a short excerpt on his website -  -  and A review on the Vancouver Sun by Mark Zuehlke

LGBT activist Harry Hay founder of the Mattachine Society makes a reference to gay remittance men. He suggests that some men were sent to the colonies to prevent their 'unusual sexuality' being discovered and ultimately disgracing the family.

The Alberta Family Histories Society tweeted about the University of Manitoba Library's Prairie Immigration Experience :
        "Organized by nationality, the fonds include diaries, photographs, letters and even recordings which detail the experience of immigrating to the Prairie provinces."
Another fabulous online resource for Pioneers : "Thank you University of Manitoba!"

Article:  Unpacking English Gentlemen Emigrants' Cultural Baggage: Apple Orchards and Private Schools in British Columbia's Okanagan Valley by Jean Barman in British Journal of Canadian Studies Vol. 16, No.1 2003.
        The author looks at the ways in which 'Gentlemen Emigrants' brought their 'cultural baggage' with them to Canada when re-settling and forming a livelihood in the local communities. "They might have changed their place of residence, they did not shed their upbringing." (p.140) They were free with their money, and behaved outrageously as they were not being scrutinized by their parents or the society that they left behind.

Article: Visions of Agriculture in British Columbia (a pdf) by David Demeritt.  in BC Studies, Winter 1995, Issue 108, pp. 29-59.
     Demeritt talks about the 'gentleman farmer' from Britain settling in the Okanagan Valley in British Columbia in places such as Peachland, Summerland and Glenmore. He also suggests that fruit farming (creating vast orchards) was considered an easy way to make a living while creating a home similar to those in England. The emigrants also created 'boys schools' modeled after schools in England and Anglican church communities to emulate their beloved British Empire. Demeritt compares the Arcadian, Agrarian and Country Life Movement especially in British Columbia.

Manitobia
About Manitobia - what is hidden in this fabulous digital collection?

Rural Reflections - http://manitobia.ca/resources/books/local_histories/028.pdf


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Gentlemen Emigrants: From the British Public Schools to the Canadian Frontier by Patrick Dunae (Vancouver: Douglas & Mclntyre, 1981)

"It’s the legacy of gentleman farmer Griffiths R. Hughes who liked to do things on a grand scale."
Craigdarroch expansion recalls Cobble Hill gentleman farmer

Community Local History Books - digital collection of local histories in most of Canada's provinces with a few scattered states in the U.S.

Growing Up British in British Columbia : Boys in Private School by Jean Barman

Newspapers - via Peel's Prairie Provinces for Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta

Pioneers of Southern Alberta

Search Ontario Land Property Records

Voters lists
Library & Archives Canada Guide to Voters Lists

Ancestry : Canada, Voters Lists, 1935-1980 This database contains preliminary voters lists for general elections in Canada, 1935–1980.   Original data: Voters Lists, Federal Elections, 1935–1980. R1003-6-3-E (RG113-B). Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

British Columbia Voters' Lists - a list of holdings by the University of B.C. Library- on microfilm


The Electoral History of B.C. - History only - not an online database - refers to candidates names

Candice McDonald has written a helpful article - Finding Ancestors with the Federal Voter's Lists

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Will you be attending John D. Reid's presentation 'Canada's Silver Spoon British Migrants'  at the Secret Lives Conference ? It would be interesting to hear his views on this topic. 
Location:  Jury's Inn, Hinckley, Leicester,   Friday, 31 Aug. to Sunday, 2 Sep. 2018.


Sunday, 24 June 2018

Finding Your Ancestors in Manitoba

Brief History

The people of the Assiniboine, Dakota, Cree, Dene, Anishinaabeg and Oji-Cree are the original citizens of what is now known as Manitoba. Henry Hudson, explorer, 'discovers' Hudson's Bay. Other European explorers: Jens Munck, Radisson, Groseilliers, La Verendrye & Henry Kelsey.
(Source: http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/features/timeline.shtml)
In 1870 Manitoba joined the confederation of Canada, acquiring provincial status. Winnipeg, which is the capital of Manitoba, was incorporated in 1873. An interesting note: the corner where Portage and Main intersect in Winnipeg's downtown, is said to be the most central point of Canada.

My ancestors were Red River colonists who emigrated to Manitoba in 1815 as part of Lord Selkirk's efforts to encourage settlement as well as to provide a new life to those who lost their livelihood in The Clearances of the Scotland Highlands.
More Manitoba History

For Genealogists
credit: British Library, Picturing Canada Collection

These free websites should be your first stopping ground for Manitoba genealogy.
Cangenealogy Manitoba is a website created by Dave Obee with links to explore Canadian genealogy.
Library & Archives Canada - Manitoba is the Government of Canada's Genealogy page for Manitoba.
Family Search Manitoba is the Family Search wiki.
Births Marriages and Deaths - contains links to each province's searchable database of BMDs

Winnipeg, Manitoba is renowned for the Hudson's Bay Company collection. Incorporated 1670.
Did you know their archives were once housed in London, England?

The resources on Peel's Prairie Provinces are a must for genealogy research in the Canadian West. It has some fabulous resources such as Peel's Prairie Newspapers and Directories which are outlined in my article 'Finding Your Ancestor in Canadian Directories' There is quite a lot more to discover on this digital resources provided by the University of Alberta, University of Manitoba, University of Saskatchewan and many more!

An Inventory of John Newlove's papers at the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections

Manitoba E-Resources:

Digital Collections - University of Manitoba  A more detailed list of digital archives at the University of Manitoba. Includes numerous family fonds. For example: Dixon, Baker family fonds; Frederick Philip Grove fonds and Irene Knysh fonds.

Digitized Library Collections at the University of Manitoba Library - covers topics such as University History; Women's Studies; Rare Books; Winnipeg Tribune; Arts and Culture; Indigenous People; Human Rights; Northern Studies; Prairie History and World History. In the Prairie History folder is a peek at Red River Cartes de Visite acquired with a unique provenance.

Manitoba Historical Society - many very good transcription projects, as well as podcasts about the history of Manitoba.

If your ancestor achieved a significant accomplishment, he/she may have been included in the Memorable Manitobans list provided by the Manitoba Historical Society.
Manitobia - in English and French - links includes Newspapers, Maps, Books, Photographs and resources for schools.

Historic Sites of Manitoba: Abandoned Manitoba - includes podcasts |      http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/sites/abandoned.shtml

Archives of the University of Winnipeg/
Western Canada Pictorial Index - keeping in mind that this is an index to over 70,000 photographs, there is a lot of information available on this website. Searchable by subject, you can request copies of these images, however on the About Page in the Moving Forward paragraphs, they do note that other institutions have made many of these images available online. Great food for thought though! The collecting of these photographs began in 1970 by Winnipeg's journalists Eric Wells and Thora Cooke.

Manitoba Archival Information Network Digital Objects Category has 4,687 results of which there are 5,572 photographs, 135 text, 2 audio and 4 other. There are quite a few school registers and records of attendance. Included are lists of records held in family collections.

The Manitoba and North-West Monthly - only 2 issues Feb.1885 and Mar.1885 - it's objective to promote an honest account of the resources of the country.

Newsclipping - "83 Maple comes tumbling down" - Immigration Hall Winnipeg - University of Manitoba Libraries Digital Collection

Newsclipping - "A most unusual album: Pages From the Past"  - University of Manitoba Libraries Digital Collection

Newdale Manitoba - a personal blog written by Diane Rogers of  Canada Genealogy Jane's Your Aunt. Her mother and grandmother were born there and she encourages anyone with connections to get in touch.

Société historique de Saint-Boniface - specialists in French-Canadian genealogy from Western Canada and  Québec. Also provide assistance regarding the genealogy of the Métis of Western Canada. Saint-Boniface, Manitoba

Print Resources

[History of Fredensthal and surrounding areas], Manitoba Centennial Committee of Ward I of the Franklin Municipality. 1970

Criddle-de-diddle-ensis : a biographical history of the Criddles of Aweme, Manitoba, pioneers of the 1880's by Alma Criddle. c1973

Historical atlas of the East Reserve : illustrated. Ernest N. Braun, editor. Manitoba Mennonite Historical Society. 2015

Imperial Plots: Women, Land, and the Spadework of British Colonialism on the Canadian Prairies by Sarah Carter published 2016 University of Manitoba Press

Pioneers of Manitoba. Robert Harvey. pub. c1970 Prairie Publications.

Suggested List of Sources for Ukrainian Genealogy by Myron Momryk (applicable in Saskatchewan and Manitoba).

The romantic settlement of Lord Selkirk's colonists : the pioneers of Manitoba. George Bryce.

Three women pioneers in Manitoba : evidence of servant-leadership. Carolyn L. Crippen. 2004.

Ukrainian - http://ukrainiangenealogygroup-ncr.org/Records.PDF  very brief document of resources

Where money grew on trees : a history of the Romanian pioneers of Lennard, Manitoba. John Goodes. c2003.

Manitoba Genealogists' Blogs

Diane Nolin has written an article about her ancestors in Manitoba. Includes links to 'The Story of Manitoba' which provides great material for the brief history section'.

News about Genealogy in Manitoba - not so much a blog but a listing of events

Manitoba Genealogy Society MGS Facebook MGS Twitter

Manitoba Historical Society MHS Facebook MHS Twitter

Researchers Located in Manitoba

Friday, 22 June 2018

Finding Your Eastern European Ancestor in Canada



Our family has a hint of Eastern European ancestry. Some stories say they escaped wartime in Poland and Czechoslovakia but they arrived in Canada before the First World War so I'm not sure this is quite accurate. I have to confess that I have not pursued this research yet as it feels a bit daunting.

To provide myself some motivation, I've researched 
some sites that I hope you will also find helpful

Eastern Europeans were drawn to the Canadian prairies with the promise of land as well as the attraction of the freedom of religion. The Government of Canada was keen to invite [viz a viz 'entice'] Eastern Europeans to the prairies as it was a very harsh farming environment and the Russians, Mennonites, Dukhobors, Hutterites and Ukrainians were experienced in dry land farming. Saskatchewan was a popular destination for many emigrants from the Ukraine and Poland and this is evident in various resources. There are numerous examples of these communities settling in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and even British Columbia. A comprehensive (I hope) selection of these are listed throughout this article.

For example, in John Pihach's excellent guide to Ukrainian genealogy:

credit: British Library / Picturing Canada Collection
"Documents [found in Canada] before 1914 show the nationality of immigrants from Western Ukraine as Austrian, Galician, or Ruthenian - Austrian because they were citizens of the Austro-Hungarian Empire; Galician because their place of origin was the crownland of Galicia; and Ruthenian because that was their ethnic identity."
Pihach, Ukrainian Genealogy, pg.65 (see Resources list)

There is quite a lot more information available about the settlers from Eastern Europe on the internet, so please consider these resources as a guide or a starting point.

FamilySearch.org Research Guides for:
Ukraine  |  Alberta - Mennonite Settlers  |

Eastern European Genealogical Society Facebook page

Thanks to the East European Genealogical Society for this link to an E-book in archive.org - Galician Villagers and the Ukrainian National Movement in the Nineteenth Century.

This is an exciting result for a name I am researching as the family documents all point to Galicia. This search was conducted on the East European Genealogical Society webpage.

SurnameVillageDistrictProvinceCountry
TOMASZWESKI BlyszczankaZaleszczykiGaliciaAustro-
Hungarian
Empire


TOMASZWESKI DupliskaZaleszczykiGaliciaAustro-
Hungarian
Empire


I also happened upon : The All Galicia Database

Immigrants from the Russian Empire, 1898-1922  Library & Archives Canada

Dukohbors
Brief History: From the Canadian Encyclopedia : "During the late 18th century, the group was persecuted by the tsars and Russian Orthodox Church for heresy and pacifism. In 1785, an Orthodox archbishop called them Doukhobors, or "Spirit-Wrestlers". It was intended to mean "Wrestlers against the Holy Spirit", but the group adopted it, interpreting it as "Wrestlers for and with the Spirit."   They are a sect of Russian dissenters who believe that God does not live in a church but in each person. They don't use crosses or recognize the symbolism of Christianity. Most of the twenty thousands descendants live in western Canada, in communities in the Kootenays in British Columbia and across Alberta and Saskatchewan. 

A Brief History of the Doukhobors in B.C.

Doukhobor Genealogy Website is a very good site for resources that will help with Doukhobor genealogy.   Guide to Doukhobor Names and Naming Practices

Doukhobor Discovery Centre - a village museum - the Resource Directory has fabulous links for you to use for genealogy research

Brief History:   History of Hutterites in Alberta -  Hutterites emigrated to the United States in 1874. When the United States began to enforce the draft program for the First World War, the Hutterites decided to come to Canada. They came to an agreement with the Canadian government to honour their beliefs which led some families to Alberta where they set up colonies in the southern part of the province. The link above provides audio interviews and documentaries from the NFB (National Film Board).

History of the Hutterites - Canadian Encyclopedia  Their religious structure links the Hutterites to the Mennonites and the Amish. 

There are some collections about the Hutterites at the Glenbow Archives in Calgary. Southern Alberta Hutterian Brethren collection - includes religious items, interviews, academic research notes and some family histories. This report is about their genetic uniqueness and one line in this report says that they keep genealogic records, but this is an academic article so I'm not sure of it's value to the genealogical community. 
    In my opinion, it would be difficult to conduct genealogy research of Hutterite families as I assume they would be reluctant to share with the outsider world.

The Arrival of the Hutterites in Alberta - this is a blog article written by Simon Evans and Peter Peller (both professors at the University of Alberta).

Hutterite Surnames by Evan Eichler, all rights reserved - FEEFHS - Foundation for East European Family History Studies

The Saskatchewan Cemetery Transcripts, ca. 1850-1994   Simmie Hutterite Colony, Smiley Hutterite Colony and Waldheim Hutterite Cemetery. (Family Search database)

Inside the Ark - The Hutterites in Canada and the United States written by Yossi Katz and John Lehr. University of Regina Press. 2014

Mennonites
Brief History: Extracted from the Mennonite Historical Society of Canada website: In the early period of the 'Reformation' Huldrych Zwingli encouraged his followers to believe that the church should use the Bible as a guide rather than formal church tradition. As a result, those who chose to adopt this belief system were baptized in adulthood rather than the children who could not decide for themselves. This movement began in Switzerland in the 1500s and most of the early settlers in Canada (1800s) were a part of the Swiss Mennonites. On the MHSC website, they report that : '1873-1884' 8,000 Mennonites migrated to Manitoba and 21,000 moved to Canada between 1922 and 1930.' In Saskatchewan, Rosthern, Osler-Hague and Swift Current were chosen for farming homesteads. Mennonites also immigrated to Didsbury Alberta and other rural areas in the province. There is also a strong Mennonite community in the lower mainland of British Columbia. (These appear to be 'Russian Mennonites')

Nowadays, many farmers in southern Alberta regularly hire 'Mexican Mennonites' . They are termed as 'Mexican Mennonites' because communities moved to Mexico to take up new land and today many families move back and forth between Canada and Mexico. (Reference: my daughter's in-laws who have hired Mexican Mennonites on their farm for many years.)

There is a very detailed history of Mennonites on the Mennonite Historical Society of Canada website, which explains the three 'waves' of immigration from within Canada, communities coming from Eastern Canada and the United States.

Low German Mennonite Genealogy Forum - ask questions get answers

Manitoba Mennonite Historical Society

Mennonite Genealogical Resources

Mennonite Heritage Village Museum

The first Mennonite Brethen church in Alberta

"To Place Mennonite Settlement In B.C.," A 1915 newspaper clipping: "As the present generation are maturing," said Mr. Kon, "they are finding the present settlement congested. The American railways are offering them every inducement to settle south of the line. In British Columbia, Salmon River valley, we have the land that is particularly suited to them and I do not expect they will leave Canada."

Ukrainians
Brief History: According to a study found in Marunchak, M.H. The Ukrainian Canadians: A History; (as reported in Winnipeg [a history of] 1874-1974)  the 1911 census of Manitoba found the population of Ukrainians to be approximately 30,000. Most were located in the Interlake, Dauphin and Riding Mountain regions and 11% were in the city of Winnipeg. Around the First World War period, Ukrainians were often described as Galicians, Austrians, Bukovinians or Ruthenians. 
     This article also suggests that most Eastern Europeans travelled to the prairies in search of farm land after their arrival in Canada. 

Ukrainian Immigrants 1891-1930  Library & Archives Canada


Immgrants to Canada - the Ukranians from c1892-1914    - Most of the information on this website is a transcription of :  Early Ukrainian Settlements in Canada 1895-1900 by Vladimir J. Kaye, (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1964) and Canada's Ukrainians Negotiating an Identity edited by Lubomyr Luciuk and Stelkla Hryniuk, (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1991).

Ukrainian Genealogy : A Beginner's Guide by John D. Pihach  pub. 2007 ISBN: 9781894865050

 "The Battle for Ukrainian: A Comparative Perspective" edited by Michael S. Flier and Andrea Graziosi. via the Canadian Journal of History 

The Landscape of Ukrainian Settlement In the Canadian West. by John C. Lehr. University of Winnipeg 1982.

First Ukrainian Immigration to Canada  -  Shevchenko Museum  

Dave Obee's page on Volhynia North West Ukraine

Gail Dever reported : Petition to save WWI-era Ukrainian internee cemetery in Quebec

Newspaper - Ukrainian Voice Weekly (some English and Ukrainian articles)

Winnipeg 1874-1974 [ a history ]  Ukrainians in Manitoba see page 25

By wagon to Lake Dauphin   - a history of Wasyl and Warwara Ksionzyk

RESOURCES


Alzo, Lisa A. The Family Tree Polish, Czech And Slovak Genealogy Guide: How to Trace Your Family Tree in Eastern Europe, 2016 Lisa Alzo - The Genealogy Professional

Marunchak, M.H. The Ukrainian Canadians: A History, Ukrainian Free Academy of Sciences, Winnipeg and Ottawa, 1970.

Pihach, John D. Ukrainian Genealogy : A Beginner's Guide by John D. Pihach  pub. 2007 ISBN: 9781894865050


Yanchyshyn, Anne - Anne Yanchyshyn fonds University of Manitoba - Oral histories of Ukrainian, Polish, German and Jewish pioneers in the Interlake region of Manitoba.

Websites:
Cyndis List - a go to site for Eastern European sites -a few listed here, search on the main page
East European Genealogical Society

Find Polish Ancestors   - a  You Tube tutorial (10 mins.)

Germans from Russia - Bismark, North Dakota

Video : The Germans from Russia (1999) 57 mins. via Folkstreams.Net

People of German origin buried in US/Canadian cemeteries 

Stone Pics Czech Republic -  Newfoundland - StonePics was founded in 2000 to photograph the headstones of Newfoundland, Canada. In 2003 they began a project to photograph the cemeteries and headstones of The Czech Republic. Last updated 2014

Simon Fraser University, British Columbia - Doukohbor Collections - Digital collections of photographs and documents


Some genealogists working on Eastern European ancestry I have discovered through Twitter (there are sure to be quite a few more):
Vera Miller - Lost Russian Family 
Lara Diamond - www.larasgenealogy.blogspot.com  -  Finding Eastern European Records
Manuel Goehring - German Roots in Russia PGS - Manuel : "Over the years,   I have honed my knowledge in German-Russian Genealogy, tracing my own paternal ancestry back to 1580."
Polish Ancestry (a last minute addition as Michael's blog article looked so interesting!) - Alegata Polish Church Records 

In writing this article, I realize that I have only scratched the surface of possibilities for Eastern European ancestry resources. There are so many more to investigate: Polish, Czech and Slovenian Ancestry, (see Lisa Alzo's book) but perhaps you will find some nuggets of information here, and like me, will take the next  brave steps forward! 

Wednesday, 20 June 2018

Western Canada Genealogy Conferences 2018

Upcoming Genealogy Conferences
in BC, Alberta, 
Saskatchewan + Manitoba 

Excited to be helping a group from Alberta on
their research trip to London, UK!!
(see Sep. 2-14, 2018)


July 27 to 29, 2018 Fri-Sun.
Hands on Genealogy
Society for German Genealogy in Eastern Europe
Workshops & programs for researching German ancestors in Poland and Volhynia
Calgary, Alberta

Sep. 8th, 2018 Sat.
40th Anniversary Celebration Calgary Chapter
American Historical Society of Germans from Russia
Courtyard Marriot Inn
Calgary, Alberta

Sep. 2-14, 2018 
London Trippers 2018 - this UK trip is organized by members of the AGS. I believe this group is capped to max but if you would like to enquire do get in touch.
Alberta Genealogical Society, Edmonton

Sep. 28 to 30, 2018 Fri-Sun.
Harvest Your Family Tree Genealogy Conference 2018
Kelowna & District Genealogical Society
Kelowna, B.C.  


Oct. 1-2, 2018  Mon. & Tues.
Beyond Ethnicity: Finding Family with DNA - FamilyRoots DNA Conference 2018
Location: River Park Church and Fort Calgary
Alberta Family History Society
Calgary, Alberta

Oct. 13, 2018 – Finding Your Roots Conference, Surrey, BC.

October 12-14, 2018
Celebrating 40 Years of Genealogy Research
Medicine Hat & District Genealogical Society
Guest speakers: Diahan Southard, DNA Guide & Author, Gena Philibert-Ortega, Author, researcher.
Medicine Hat, Alberta

October,  November 2018
Annual Trip to the Family History Library in Salt Lake City
The BCGS Researchers, formerly the Salt Lake City Trippers - visiting Salt Lake since 1975!

2019
April 26-28th, 2019
Images Through Time
Alberta Genealogical Society Conference
Alberta Genealogical Society (AGS)
Radisson Hotel & Conference Center
Edmonton, Alberta

June 21-23rd, 2019 Fri-Sun.
Ontario Genealogical Society
London, Ontario 

Tuesday, 12 June 2018

Finding Your Ancestors in Saskatchewan

The Finding Your Ancestors Series -Genealogy resources to each province in Canada

I don't profess to being an expert in each Canadian province, but I have tried to find unique resources as well as researchers who live in the local area.  Please do explore and settle in for a good read, 'cos there's a lot of detail!

Moving west, this article in the series will look at genealogy sources in central Canada, where many farming communities are located. The prairies are often referred to as fields of golden wheat and barley with beards blowing in the wind. They forgot to mention the sod-houses, the prairie fires and the ever disappearing horizon that greeted the settlers when they arrived to start new lives.

At the end of this article are four reviews of collections
that will help in Saskatchewan Genealogy.

credit: British Library / Picturing Canada Collection

SASKATCHEWAN
Brief History

The Chipewyan, Cree, Saulteaux, Assiniboine, Atsina and Sioux are six First Nations bands who lived in Saskatchewan before the arrival of the Europeans. The early 1700s saw an influx of Europeans who traded with the Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company. The province was earlier known as RupertsLand and then the Northwest Territories and finally obtained provincial status in 1905. The name Saskatchewan comes from the Saskatchewan River, named Kisiskatchewani Sipi by the Cree, which means 'the swiftly flowing river'. Regina, the capital city was once called 'Pile O Bones'.

My Saskatchewan born friend refers to her province as 'God's country' and He must have indeed found areas of beautiful oases, but although the province has many hidden treasures, from the TransCanada Highway it looks terribly flat! For those trivia enthusiasts, 10 things you might not know about Saskatchewan

For Genealogists

These free websites should be your first stopping ground for Saskatchewan genealogy.
Cangenealogy Saskatchewan is a website created by Dave Obee with links to explore Canadian genealogy. 

Library & Archives Canada - Saskatchewan is the Government of Canada's Genealogy page for Newfoundland and Labrador.
Family Search Saskatchewan is the Family Search wiki.

Saskatchewan Births Marriages Deaths 
Please check this article for guides on Births Marriages and Deaths in Canada, it's not as straightforward as you may think!


Aboriginal Ancestry - 36 pages of information and resources provided by Library and Archives Canada Note: this is a link to a pdf.

Doukhobor pilgrims entering Yorkton
Eastern European Genealogical Society  - provides help to those researching Czech, German, Jewish, Mennonite, Polish, Romanian, Slovakian and Ukrainian Genealogy.

Suggested List of Sources for Ukrainian Genealogy by Myron Momryk (applicable in Saskatchewan and Manitoba).

Links to Archives in Saskatchewan

Mennonite Historical Society of Saskatchewan

Métis Nation of Saskatchewan Genealogical and Archive Centre
-this is linked to the Provincial Archives of Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan GenWeb page - links to libraries and archives and internet resources. The Canadian GenWeb pages are always worth a look for unique items. Provided by volunteers.

Saskatchewan Settlement Experience   This website was published in 2005 but has a lot of very interesting and helpful articles for the genealogist about homesteading in the province. Provided by the Provincial Archives of Saskatchewan.

Saskatoon and Area Rootsweb Genealogy Page 

Saskatchewan Historic Newspapers Online 

Historic Goodwin House museum - Saskatchewan Landing Provincial Park - Frank Goodwin home - he came from England in 1878 to join the R.N.W.M.P.

Saskatchewan E-Resources:

Fabulous database available on Saskatoon Public Library webpage. Saskatoon Obituary Index 1946-present transcribed from the Saskatoon Star Phoenix.  Also available is a Local History Database page.

Humboldt Marriages  Oct.1905 to Dec.1921 This blog author provides a history of the transcription of these marriages.

City of North Battleford has an online gallery of photographs of the city from the 1900s. Any use of these require permission from the archivist.

In the City of Regina Archives, you can research the history of a house that your ancestor lived in using the Building Permit Registers. It's also possible to search all of the collections in the Archives at one time, includes: Architectural Drawings, AudioVisual, Photographs and Textual Files.

28,000+ Online digital collection of photographs are available on the Saskatchewan Archival Information Network. These photos of Rosetown, Prince Albert and Melfort amongst others are provided by archives and libraries around the province. Many depict provinces across Canada, for example, Alberta and Nova Scotia, as well as from Worcestershire, England, the Rhine "Sonnige Wochen am schonen Rhein" and other European countries.

Saskatchewan GenWeb

Archives Canada Virtual Exhibits  2004-2008 There is an amazing amount of information on this page, most of the links are still active. Really worthwhile for genealogy and contextual information of areas where our ancestors lived.

Print Resources

The information in these 7 pages of references for Metis Genealogical Research in Saskatchewan outlines Bibliographies, Archives and local histories - keeping in mind these are resources. Some of the items are at the Gabriel Dumont Institute Library or can be cross-referenced to your local library.

The SGS (Saskatchewan Genealogical Society) Publications page lists numerous books for sale. Women Pioneers of Saskatchewan, Book 1 and 2. Edited by Celeste Rider, Published 2009 by Saskatchewan Genealogical Society. To access the list hover your mouse over the Resources, then find SGS Marketplace. Book 2 lists names of women who came with their families from the United States, from other areas in Canada and Europe. 1903-1917 One woman was born on board the ship that brought her family to Canada.

Tracing Your Saskatchewan Ancestors: A Guide to the Records and How to Find Them by Laura Hanowski. 2000, 2003, 2006.

The Royal United Services Institute (RUSI) Library in the Regina Armoury is a military specialist library with unique items such as: original Canadian Army General Orders before World War One; personal memoirs and unit histories.

Prairie History Room at the Regina Public Library - contact the librarians for help accessing this collection. A list of genealogy resources available at the Regina Public Library - Resources List. 

The following titles are from the Regina Public Library catalogue - so many interesting accounts of Local History. Worth finding out if your local library has a copy or can request a copy!

Dust and laughter : memories of a prairie family by Margaret Dutli. pub.2003 (Love the title!)

Horizon and beyond : genealogy history of the Michael Sr. and Theresia Klemenz family who immigrated to Canada from Austria-Hungary in 1905-6. by MaryAnn Young.

One of the family : Metis culture in nineteenth-century northwestern Saskatchewan by Brenda Macdougall  pub.2010

Our towns : Saskatchewan communities from Abbey to Zenon Park by David McLennan pub. 2008.

Raw prairie to grain elevators : the chronicles of a pioneer community, Duff, Saskatchewan by Len Sumner.   pub.1980

Women pioneers of Saskatchewan vol. 1 & 2 by Celeste Rider. pub. 2009

Saskatchewan  Genealogists' Blogs

Batoche Saskatchewan Metis - http://aumkleem.blogspot.co.uk/2015/05/regina-public-library-prairie-history.html

Bibliography for Steamships  -   There are a few broken hyperlinks on this page, providing teasers but if you are a diligent researcher, there is some good material here. Note that some of the resources refer to the Saskatchewan River and can cover areas in Alberta as well.

Pat Ryan's Genealogy   Regina Sask. - although Pat's posts are very brief, there appears to be a tip practically every day of the month!

Researchers Located in Saskatchewan

MNA Research Particularly does heir research, but also provides genealogical research services.

Genealogists.com is a professional company that hires genealogists around the world. Saskatchewan page - each of these pages requires you to submit your contact details before providing more information.

Tammy Vallee located in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan - specializes in Fur Trade and First Nations research.

Past Presence - Linda Yip

Another recommendation is to ask the Saskatchewan Genealogical Society if they have a research service or know of researchers you can contact.

Four of my articles that relate to Saskatchewan Genealogy Research : 

Phone Books for Canadian Prairies - includes Regina and Saskatoon Directories

University of Saskatchewan Genealogies - Biographies of UofS notables. Includes a fabulous account by Ruth Horlick of her trip to England with the Overseas Education League.

The Grasslands Oral History Project - Scott Parker spent 6 months in southern Saskatchewan, highlighting the lives of residents, including farmers, ranchers and rural fire fighters.

 Top Pick:  Canadian Prairie Pioneer Questionnaires - this is an amazing genealogy resource. In the early 1950s the archives embarked on a survey of those individuals and characters who pioneered in the rural districts of Saskatchewan.  The answers reflect the period the people arrived in the community, often the late 1890s. Sometimes they provided a birthplace, parents' names, the name of the town they settled in, their address at the time of the survey as well as the address they came from. These surveys were mailed and over 3,500 replies were sent back to the Saskatoon Archives office.


Saturday, 9 June 2018

Genealogy Reference - Canadian University Publishing


Looking for a good read? A source of information for your book? Oral histories or 'life histories'? A publisher for your hard work?

Have you considered looking at the many University Presses in Canada?

Following are a few intriguing titles, specifically from the Prairie Universities, which I feel relate to genealogy research. Some are personal accounts-families moving from Quebec and Norway to Alberta; general histories of the prairies; cowboy and ranching culture and a few that describe experiences in the Second World War. Although I have conceptualized some of the book descriptions from University Press website, please note that I haven't read any of these, they caught my attention and I wanted to share them with you.

Check your local library catalogue to see if these books are in their collections. (For UK readers: BL denotes a copy is at the British Library.)

Also search WorldCat and COPAC-UK 

A business history of Alberta by Henry C. Klassen.  My description: This book will be helpful to the genealogist looking for information on the general history of the growth of business in Alberta. University of Calgary Press (BL)

As I remember them : childhood in Quebec and why we came West by Jeanne-Elise Olsen.
Edited by G. Lorraine Ouellett and Ian Adam. University of Calgary Press

The Constructed Mennonite : History, Memory, and the Second World War by Hans Werner 2013  University of Manitoba Press  (BL)

Cowboys, Ranchers and the Cattle Business: Cross-Border Perspectives on Ranching History
Simon M. Evans (Editor), Sarah Carter (Editor), Bill Yeo (Editor)  University of Calgary Press

Harm's way : disasters in Western Canada / edited by Anthony Rasporich and Max Foran.
 by Max Foran  University of Calgary Press (BL)

In the Unlikeliest of Places : How Nachman Libeskind Survived the Nazis, Gulags, and Soviet Communism by Annette Libeskind Berkovits Wilfred Laurier Press  (BL)

Invisible Immigrants : the English in Canada since 1945. by Marilyn Barber and Murray Watson. 2015. University of Manitoba Press  (BL)

The Life Writings of Mary Baker McQuesten : Victorian Matriarch. edited by Mary J. Anderson  Wilfred Laurier Press

Looking for country : a Norwegian immigrant's Alberta Memoir by Ellenor Ranghild Merriken. (Editor) Janice Dickin University of Calgary Press

Love and War in London : a Woman’s Diary 1939-1942. By Olivia Cockett, edited by Robert W. Malcolmson  Wilfred Laurier Press  (BL)

On the frontier : letters from the Canadian West in the 1880s by William Wallace. Edited by Ken Coates and Bill Morrison University of Regina Press  (BL)

Promoters, Planters, and Pioneers: The Course and Context of Belgian Settlement in Western Canada by Cornelius J. Jaenen University of Calgary Press  (BL)

Settling Saskatchewan by Alan B. Anderson University of Regina Press  (BL)

Steerage, Cattle Cars, and Red River Carts: Traveling to the Canadian Western Prairies to Homestead, 1876–1914 By Sandra Rollings-Magnusson  University of Regina Press  (BL)

Travels and Identities : Elizabeth and Adam Shortt in Europe, 1911 edited by Peter E. Paul Dembski  Wilfred Laurier Press

Twice Persecuted : Surviving in Nazi Germany and Communist East Germany by Carolyn Gammon and Christiane Hemker  Wilfred Laurier Press  (BL)

The Unwritten Diary of Israel Unger rev. ed. by Carolyn Gammon and Israel Unger  Wilfred Laurier Press


Addresses:

University of Calgary Press
University of Calgary
2500 University Dr. NW
Calgary, Alberta, Canada
T2N 1N4
ucpress@ucalgary.ca
@ucalgarypress

University of Manitoba Press
301 St. John’s College
University of Manitoba
Winnipeg, MB, Canada
R3T 2M5
uofmpress@umanitoba.ca
@uofmpress

University of Regina Press
University of Regina
3737 Wascana Parkway
246 - 2 Research Drive
Regina, SK S4S 0A2
uofrpress@uregina.ca
@uofrpress

Happy Searching!

Friday, 25 May 2018

Phone Books for Canadian Prairies Genealogy

Are you having a hard time finding your ancestor in Canada's prairie provinces?

Henderson's Directories are considered the proverbial phone books for genealogists. The copies for Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba are provided online by Peel's Prairie Provinces (hosted by the University of Alberta). They are a good starting point, especially for pre-WWI and post-WWI research. Coverage is also into the 1970s. Henderson's Directories are similar to Kelly's Directories in England.

Below are the issues that have been digitized for the prairie provinces, but the links at the end of this article point to other resources.

On the main page entering a search will provide
 results across all of the databases in that province.
!TIP! Small rural towns may be covered in the larger city directories.
For example, Brandon Directories may hold a directory for Souris.

Do read the description provided by Peel's Prairie Provinces, as though the title may state a full coverage of 30 years, once you scroll down the page you will see the digital copies vary between those years. For example, they provide this information on the page for Lethbridge:

Henderson Directories. Henderson's Lethbridge city directory. Calgary: 
Henderson Directories Alberta, 1910-1953. (Calgary is the place of publication.)

You can see from the extractions (below), that there are some gaps in the digital issues for Lethbridge, ie: not every year is covered. This is most likely because the collection they were given to digitize had gaps. So definitely search in other places (local libraries) for missing physical issues. Not everything is online and or digitized!


Alberta:
Edmonton   1908-17, 1919, 1920-53; 
Calgary   1910-1940, 1943, 1945, 1948-53; 
Lethbridge   1914, 1917, 1919, 1920/21, 1923, 1925, 1927, 1929, 1932, 1934, 1936, 1940, 1944, 1946, 1948, 1951, 1952, 1953;
Medicine Hat and Redcliff   1913-1960;  and rural locations 1911, 1914, 1924, 1928-29.
Alberta's Gazeteer & Directory : 1911, 1914, 1924, 1928/29


Manitoba :
Winnipeg and incorporated towns of Manitoba; 1920-1956

Brandon 1906, 1907, 1909, 1911, 1913, 1914, 1917, 1919, 1921, 1923, 1925, 1927, 1929, 1931, 1933, 1935, 1937, 1939, 1941, 1943, 1945, 1947, 1949, 1950-55

Manitoba and Northwest Territories 1884, 1894, 1897, 1905.

Keep in mind that the print copies of these directories will be held at the local level and may be found in public libraries in large cities as well as small towns. Universities often hold copies on microfilm as their students use them regularly for their research.

Also please note that the title may vary from time to time and the publisher names may change as well. For example, in the Saskatoon directories, there were no less than 5 name changes between 1908 and 1960.
1908-1909 Henderson's city of Saskatoon directory for ...
1910-1919 Henderson's Saskatoon city directory
1920-1925 Henderson's Saskatoon directory
1926-1957 Henderson's Greater Saskatoon directory
1958-1960 Henderson's Saskatoon directory

Saskatchewan : 
Regina : In 2016 I reported that the Regina Directories Digitization Project was underway. Thanks to the loan of the originals from Regina Public Library it is now largely complete.    

Years covered: 1908-1979
Henderson's city of Regina directory for 1908. One year only. Winnipeg is the place of publication.

Henderson's Regina city directory for 1909, 1910, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1914, 1915, 1916-17, 1917.  There do not appear to be links to digitized issues for 1918 or 1919.

Henderson's Regina directory for 1920 - this link lands on the digital copy for 1920, on this page please scroll down for the links to:  1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1926, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1933

Henderson's Greater Regina directory for 1934 - this link lands on the digital copy for 1934, on this page please scroll down for the links to:  1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957

Henderson's Regina directory for 1958 - this link lands on the digital copy for 1958, on this page please scroll down for the links to:  1959, 1960

Henderson's Regina (Saskatchewan) city directory for 1961 -  this link lands on the digital copy for 1961, on this page please scroll down for the links to:  1962, 1963, 1964, 1965
There is a note on the page for 1961 - "Issues for 1963-1979 lack vol. numbering." 
(Would be helpful to have a further explanation as there doesn't seem
 to be digitized copies for 1963-1979.)

Saskatoon 
Henderson's city of Saskatoon directory 1908-1909
Henderson's Saskatoon directory 1920-1925
Henderson's Saskatoon directory 1958-1960
The links for each issue are further down the page. Note the different names. Content may vary.

These Saskatoon issues  :  [1980-1991], 1993, 1994, 1995-1996, 1997, 1998-2000  appear without links. Perhaps they are still being digitized. I would recommend getting in touch with the public libraries in the cities to see if they have these issues in print.  

discovery of Snelsby and Sneesbys in Winnipeg 
Other Resources: 

Canada Online Historical Directories

Canadian Directories Collection - Library & Archives Canada

Henderson's Directories - contains lists of names and addresses and places of work for residents of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba


Enjoy your voyage of discovery!